Glaucoma is an eye disease that results in damage to the optic nerve that progresses over time. One of the main risk factors in glaucoma is an increase in intraocular pressure, caused by a build-up of fluid in the eye. Glaucoma can result in blindness if left untreated and as such it is extremely important to diagnose and treat the condition.
Usually doctors treat the first symptoms of glaucoma by prescribing eye drops. Unfortunately, there can be side effects associated with the use of these eye drops and there are reports of non-compliance due to difficulties in inserting these drops, all of which can impact on how effective this treatment regimen is.
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) is a laser treatment that facilitates the outflow of fluid from inside the eye. This has the potential of reducing the intraocular pressure within the eye (the main way in which this disease is treated since there is no cure) and may assist in helping to control the progression of this disease.
SLT (standard treatment) is a technique routinely carried out by glaucoma specialists. It is conducted using a special type of lens (goniolens) that gently sits on the front surface of the eye. The procedure takes approximately 5 minutes in duration.
This new treatment, Direct Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (DSLT) is performed directly, without there being any need to use a goniolens which sits on the eye, and it is a shorter and simpler technique to conduct when compared to the standard SLT technique. In preliminary studies, it has been shown to have similar pressure reducing abilities to the standard SLT technique.
The purpose of this study is to assess how well the new automated DSLT device developed by BELKIN Laser Ltd, Israel works in comparison with the standard SLT and determine that it is as effective in reducing intraocular pressure.